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August 1, 1946     Sanborn Weekly Journal
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TEN THE WOONSOCKET NEWS--WOONSOCKET, S. D. Thursday, August 1, 1[ Echo of .Bombs Induces Science Aid Scientists for Unhampered Freedom in Research Work /" WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. The bomb which leveled Hirosht- ma and has since been echoing in the Pacific did something to con- tress that could not have been done before the explo- sion. It induced the senate to loosen the public purse strings to the extent of vot- ing to subsidize a national scientific research founda- tion. Scientists don't have many votes, so the persuasion couldn't have come by way of a lobby. The public imagination had been stirred. Sud- .derdy the layman realized that sci- ence was a powerful factor in war. He realized too that perhaps men who could smash the atom and make it smash the enemy, might learn how to use the powers of the sleep- tug giant--atomic energy--for the good as well as the ill of mankind. At this writing congress has not completed action of the bill but probably will have done so by the time these lines are read. The idea of a national research program seemed very good to me. There- fore, I was somewhat surprised to hear a pharmacological authority o! my acquaintance say that passage of this legislation "would be as de- structive in the field of science" as the bomb was in the midst of Hiro- shima and Nagasaki. He made the observation in a group, several of whom were scientists. His hearers appeared to echo his sentiments - sentiments which I later learned he had set forth in the recent Bulletin of the American Association of Uni- versity Professors. He (Dr. Theo- dore Koppanyi) said: "In an anal- ysis of the bill, a basic wrong im- mediately leaps to the eye. This is the assumption that scientific re- search can be "initiated' or 'pre- scribed for.' . If this assumption could be grounded, the natural se- quel to a national research founda- tion would be federal foundations to 'initiate' and 'prescribe for' the composition of music, the painting of pictures, the writing of poems, and the establishment of social con. trois and education, for science is Probably the most personal and in- dividualistic of all human endeav- ors. No agency, however authorized By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. and directed, can develop a national policy for scientific research." Difficult to Pass On Projects The theories and ways 'of think- ing of scientists, Dr. Koppanyi ex- plained (and his colleagues agreed), are as diverse as the world itself. "How can we set up a court with the power to pass on what is good and what is not good for science?" he asked, and then he turned to me with this question: "Would you ap- prove of having a member of your profession--a commentator or news- writer--appointed by a President of the United States, as head of a sim- ilarly selected group of your col- leagues who were made privy to private government information, which was barred from other speak- ers or writers?" Naturally I said: "No." (That would he the end of the freedom of the press and radio.) Then Dr, Koppanyi concluded: "You can spend a lot of money and get no return. But if you trust in human ingenuity, motivated by de- sire of public service, the love of science, recognition, and maybe selfish alms alike, you will hi'or ne more for basic science than you could ever do with billions of "dol- lars of federal money." Social Science Study Lags Spokesmen for e so-called social sciences (the stuffy of people, of individuals and groups) were loud in criticizing the omission from the bill of provisions for research in this field. An engineer spoke for the social scientists in these words: "We've gone miles ahead in our study of in- aminate things, in physics, chem- istry and the other sciences that deal with inorganic matter, com- pared to our advancement in the study of human beingswhy they act the way they do under given conditions, their relations to other individuals and to gro0ps, and the action of the groups in relation to each other." He spoke of the recent pogrom in Kielce, Poland, where the Jews were attacked and killed. It all started from a false rumor, a plant- ed rumor. The very same thing, the engineer pointed out, touched off the riots three years ago in Detroit. Those are known facts but there is very little public knowledge of what causes such action, how it can be prevented. * * * * Possession Is Law to Russ Russian expropriation of Austrian property and her delaying tactics in the setting of the peace conference date seem to be predicated on the theory: Why start any discussions of who gets what if you can operate on the old theory that possession is nine points of the law? Possession is an important factor. Take the recent experience of a Philadelphia horse. Around mid- night one night a horse walked into a residential district and began de- vouring gardens of dahlias, morn- . lug-glories, snapdragons and other flowers. The infuriated household. ers tFied to shoo the horse away, but ha kicked at them and went right on expropriating the bourgeois blooms. However, in the good old American tradition, a policeman ap- peared with a rope.and lassoed the beast. H.  was removed to the po- lice stables where he couldn't' exercise a veto on this purely pro- cedural process. ' This subversive tendency in the animal world was revealed in an- other part of Philadelphia at about the same time. Returning from a week-end, a householder and his family who had started a counter revolutionary campaign against what they thought to be a harmless mouse, found a large-sized rat in the trap they had set. The rat with the trap attached as a minor incum- brance went right after the family which climbed tables and chairs. timewhen the cop came he felt aggressive warfare justifiable and finished the rat with his reac- tionary night-stick. $ Con, S'reu" Work le N,n, er Done Congressmen invariably come to work January 14 brisk of step, bright of eye, confident they'll have all the bills passed, all the necessary btiness disposed of by July 1 at the latest, so they can go home to their fences. The old timers, of course, know they are Just kidding themselves. Business is never completed by ;uly 1, though they work from sun to sun for, like woman's, congress' work is never done. Consequently, bhlng trips, motor jaunts, and im. portant electioneering have to be postponed while house and senate members labor in Washington heat to complete last-minute legislation. This year, it was the OPAgony that fevered congressional brows late into July. Debate was so furl. taw, night sessiorts were so frequent that I wasn't surprised when I heard" a man in the visitor's gallery of the capitol ask; "Why did they wait so long to gt at the OPA bill? Seems to me they always have a lot of stuff left to do at the end of a session that they could have taken up earlier. Do they always let it go,so long that these closing days sound like a rowdy Jam session?" I reported this remark to a man who knows Capitol Hill as you and I know the short-cut home. "There are no jams in congress," he answered as he inhaled another tablespoonful of the famous senate restaurant bean soup. "Not even on OPA?" I modestly needled. "No," he said, "but I'll admit they came to a near.jam whenthey had to work like the dickens to get the bill to the President before the 'OPA expired. But they did get R to him (he was talking about the first OPA bill)--and it was better than a lot of people had expected. That was no jam." $ Chester Bowles has passed from the Washington scene, his head bloody but unbowed, and full of thoughts of further battle. We'll see what happens in the next sena- torial elections in the Nutmeg state. * Want to know how to live with the atom? You can rent a cartoon film that will panic you (in both senses of the word) from the National Com- mittee on Atomic Information. Write this column for details. "" ,0 PROTEST STRIKES . . . In protest against soaring prices follow- lng end of OPA controls, buyers' strikes were planned throughout the nation ]rider instigation of unions, veterans' groups, consumers councils and other organizations. Typical is this scene showing St. Louis housewives picketing a dairy in protest against the entire dairy industry in St. Louis, where milk prices have risen 15 per cent and butter 23 per cent. NEWS R E VIE W Wheeler, Veteran Senator,. Defeated; Talmadge Wins POLITICS: Beat Wheeler Political observers studied the campaign in the Democratic sena- torial primary in Montana for a clue to the cause of defeat of the veteran Burton K. Wheeler, with a variety of reasons appearing to con- tribute to his downfall. Since the rugged veteran led the non - interventionist cause before Pearl Harbor. the Japanese attack on the U. S. and the swing of Amer- ican sentiment toward effective world co-operation were seen to have acted strongly against him. But because of bhe closeness of his defeat, the CIO-PAC fight against him, the opposition of the powerful railroad brotherhoods and the di- version of the main strength of the Democratic organization to hs op- ponent, Left Erickson. could have weaned enough votes away from him to spell defeat. Winding up 24 years of senatorial service, Wheeler said: ".... The people of Montana have been very good to me.. Those who voted in the Democratic primary have re- lieved me of a great responsibility and a lot of work .... Probably I have lost many supporters because I did not go along blindly with a Democratic administration in the last few years, but I could not sac- rifice my principles .... " Return Talmadge Georgia's gubernatorial election shared the national spotlight with Montana's senatoria race, with fiery, red-suspender'l Gene Tal- madge making his bid for a fourth NO LEFT-OVERS ... Food It where you lind it, d it famine- stricken Europe It is a rarity to find even one can in a refuse heap that is not entirely empty. The slim chance that someone Inad- vertently might have loft a bit of toed prompted this Imngry Vien- nese to step during his lunch hour to investigate. SET-ASIDE TERMINA TED :Phiih'p.r WNU  ELMER TWlTCHELL ON RESTAURANTS Either the wrong men are operat- lug too many lunchrooms and res- taurants in this country or else they're just too scared to speak to the help about things. "I do my share of eating in mid- dle class eating places," said Elmer Twitchell today, "and it is my con- viction that most of the operators are glorified dog-wagon men. I am no chef myself but I could get up better dinners with an old broom and a bucket of switch-grease." WIN 4-H MOVIE CONTEST . . . Princill winners in the nationwide movie contest sponsored for 4-H club members and leaders were from left to right: Clarence Snetsinger, Barringion, Ill., farm; Miss Betty June Miller of Welliieet, Neb., and Gerald H. Cassidy d Blytheville, Ark. ....... Elmer was quite sore. 'at's!i:Rfl M become of the old-fashioned restau-! ....... FARM TO FILM rant proprietor who wanted things i right? Whatever happened to thei4mH Melt00ers from 26 States chef who had pride in his ork?, Where is the old-fashioned bartend-{ er who knew how to mix a drink l right?" he demanded.__, "It's years since 1 have across a proprietor who has a con- I science, thinks it important to hold his trade dud won't water the soup, cut down the portions more than necessary or feel upset if he dis- covers the potatoes lave not been served cold. "And I am not referring merely Share Movie Contest Awards Thirty-one entrants from 26 states have been named tional winners in the three divisions of a "4-H movie conducted among local club leaders and members out the U. S. Purpose of the contest was to obtain the movie material, both in story ideas from club leaders talent among 4-H boys and girls for@ leading roles. A total of 809 club Ralph A. MacDonald, 18, of leaders and 1,346 members entered ing Sun, Md. the contest. Fred Green, 17, of Hamilton, OhiO, Eleven volunteer 4-H leaders were The following five boys each given top honors for their story ceives a $25 savings bond award: ideas. They are: term on a platform of "white su- to the Grade B restaurant. Some of premacy." our best clubs are now employing cement mixers as chefs, i Clarence Snetsinger, farmer, of *-- t Barrington, Ill., who will receive an "I had a business man's lunch at[ all-expense trip to the 25th auniver- s private club last week and I stili tsary National 4-H club congress in can't ttgure if the manager and chef i Chicago next December. were former pig feeders or Just s couple of boys who confuse hman beings with seagulls." Elmer wanted to be fair. "I ad- mit it's hard to get foodstuffs," he concluded, "but it seems to me the boys should know what to do with it when they get it." Ex-Pfc. Purkey in A Quonset Hut Dear Ed: Well now I know how it feels tc live inside of a egg, or even inside half a egg. The wife and me has just got one of them Quonset huts. Mrs. Julia S. Ball of Sault Ste. Marie and Mrs. Evelyn Heim of Traverse City, Mich., both of whom are farm homemakers and school teachers. Mrs. Mary E. Lukens, farm home- maker and school teacher, of Rochester, Ind. Mrs. Helen Kimble, farm home- maker, of Turner, Ore. The foregoing four winners each receives a $50 savings bond award. Mrs. Emil Wenzlaff, homemaker, of Reedsville. Wis. Miss Merrilyn A. Palmer. senior student, University of Connecticut, Don Guerber, 17, of HillsbO Ore. Buddy Prigg, 15 of Carthage, Arthur John Stohlmann, 10, Adams, Mass. Charles P. Sperow Jr., 19, of M ae" tinsburg, W. Va. Kenneth E. Heine, 18, of Ell" dale, N. D. Girls' Division Winners. The I0 top ranking entrants '4-H girls' talent division are: Betty June Miller, 18, of fleet, Neb., who will be given leading role in the movie and all-expense trip to the Chicago club congress. The $50 savings bond award ners in this div:.sion are: Nancy Lu Kingzett, 19, of perlelr, Minn. Lilla Grace Madden, 13, of I" lin, La. We already got roundshoulders and Storrs, Conn. we stoo o e w- s'an-"  Mrs. Albert Buntin, farm home- p ver ev n nen z am6 maker and school teacher, of Jack- up. ,-- [son, Tenn. -- [ Mrs. Mary E. Ross, farm home- After you have been in one a day I maker, of Mount Vernon, Me. you have no more doubts about the ....... rl ...... I m I Martin J. Neumann, tarrner- wo a nemg round. .treaay a ................. [stockman, of Bzgfoot, Texas. working on a nOOK walcn i wu ca ........ "The Half Egg andr' or maybE I ars. toseoe L rares, nousewe, "'Life With Low-Ceilings." The firs t of Torrington, Wyo. thing you got to learn is not to gel The foregoing six wkmers each off a chair too sudden. You car receives a $25 savings bond award. tell how long a couple has lived ir Win Boys' Awards. one b! them huts by the bumps or The 10 highest rating winners in their noggins, the 4-H boys' division are: Gerald H. "Cassidy. 1. of Blythe- A real love life is necessary or ville. Ark., who will receive an all- account of if a couple do any scrap ping there is no neutral corners t go to after the knockdowns, ---Oscar. His doctor declares Presiden" Truman is at the peak of health aft. er 14 months in the White House. He has gained 10 pounds, has a dee]; tan and can throw the veto 30( yards without puffing. The Italians roamed the streets erying, "Down with America, Eng- land, France and Russia."New item. Fourth down, no gain! "In the evening the President saw a movie 'Janie Gets Married.' "- News Item. _. Ideal picture for him would have been "The Grin Years." A Russian newspaper man visit- lug this country says he saw $20 boxes of ciggrs being sold here. Nonsense! It's Just the tmpression anybody gets from looking into a cigar case and trying to locate something for 10 cents. "Summer hotel rates are up from 15 to I00 per cent all over America. Hotels that were on the verge oi closing as a result of the war years have heralded better times by jump- ing rates in some cases from $20 for two people in a double room t $65."--News item. Elmer Twitchell went into one the Virginia Mueller, 18, of Bend, Wis. Mary Heckman, 17, Utah. The following five girls each ceives a $25 savings bond Esther Carrigan, 17, of N.Y. Grace E. Braun, 17, of Egg bor City, N. J. Carolyn Maxey, 17, of Winder, Peggy Hoffmeister, 16, of Kan. Frances Blow, 14, of Grand Vt. The movie, titled "Where Road Turns Right," Will portray expense trip to the Chicago 4-H club congress ald a leading role in the movie. The following four boys each re- ceives a $50 savings bond: Hace H. Russel, 19, of Westfleld, Wis. Francis Pressly, 14, of Stony Point, N.C. ideals and objectives of 4-H work. It is designed to interest among rural youth, to reach the goal of 3,000,000 members by 1950. It will be duced in co-operation with partment of agriculture, state tension services and National Club News. The movie will national distribution. Despite the fact that his No. 1 opponent, James V. Carmichael, rolled up an impressive popular vote, Talmadge took an early lead in the decisive unit voting in which  winners are determined by the number of counties they carry. Against a background of a U. S. Supreme court decision opening Democratic primaries in the South to Negroes, and another court rul- ing forbidding segregation on inter- state buses, Talmadge conducted a vigorous "white supremacy" cam- paign. With Georgia's state ad- ministration under retiring Gov. El- lis Arnali making no effort to curb the colored vote, more than 100,000 Negroes flocked to the polls, sep- arate booths being set up in som election stations. INVENTORIES: Hit Hoarding Hitting at the withholding of mer- chandis from the market in antic- ination of higher prices, Civilian ,.Production administration drew up stringent inventory controls on man- ufacturers of electrical appliances and other scarce goods. At the same time, CPA disclosed that experts may be limited if ship- pers move out a flood of goods at high prices to badly depleted for- sign markets. Restoration of OPA price control would make such a step unnecessary, it was said. Under CPA regulations, invento- ries of finished goods would be re- stricted to 30 days. Included are refrigerators, furniture, washing machines, electric ranges, sewing machineS, vacuum cleaners, cam- eras, asphalt and tarred roofing, in. sect screen cloth and galvanized ware. JUSTICE: Free Spy Suspect The jury had just returned a ver- dict of not guilty on five charges of spying against 30-year-old Nice- lai Redin, Russian naval lieutenant. Elated by the finding, the stocky defendant rose to his feet, crossed to the jury box and shook hands with the seven men and five women ''Ladies and gentlemen of the jury," he said in heavily accented tones, "I want to thank you for the fair trial I have received here in America." Then shaking hands with Judge Lloyd Black, he declared: "The friendship between our two countriea has existed and will ex. ist." Redin's acquittal followed Judge Black's censure of the prosecution for building up the international as- pects of the case, with their im- plications of U. S. and Russian dif- ferences. Arrested in Portland, Ore., last March as he was about to board a ship for Russia. he was charged with obtaining and at- tempting to transmit secret planp of the new 14,000-ton destroyer tender, USS Yellowstone. Wheat Sale Requirement Ends a price rise in the next nine months. Favors Revision. No announcement was made re- garding other provisions of the set- aside, contained in an amendment to war food order No. 144. and over- all wheat control regulation. How- ever, it is known that officials in the department of agriculture favor changiig the set-aside to the termi- nal level in place of country level if congress returns ceilings to wheat. The set-aside became effective last May, and unofficial estimates place the amount of wheat pur- chased prior to July 1 under this Producer wheat set-aside require- ments, under which it was manda- tory for wheat farmers to sell half the grain from the 1946 crop that they took to elevators or warehouses for storage, have been terminated by the government. The set-aside provision had been inoperative since June 30, final effective date of grain ceilings. Action to eliminate the require- ment preceded final vote on the sen- ate version of the new price control bill, which as it now stands, makes it mandatory for the government to issue certificates protecting pro. ducers forced to sell their grain through a government order against procurement plan at about 37 mil. I lion bushels. [ Ends Obligation. ] Removal of the producer part of] the requirement automatically re. I moves the department from obliga-I tion to any congressional directiw [ guaranteeing farmers against a price rise, @hile retaining the tna- chinery for siphoning off 250 million bushels of wheat for the export pro- gram as it is marketed, If price control on wheat is elimi- nated, the government Will have to et up new procurement machinery, officials admitted, but said that[ there is no change in the heavy ex-] port goal. other day and asked for a room with cross inflation and a view of the banditti. He reports that the hotel in which Washington ones slept has become the inn where eve a Rockefeller burns up. AIN'T IT SO? WINS ALL TOP AWARDS--To Lawrence McLacldan, 17, ot ilL, went the distinction of w/mining all top awards in the gth Chicago Junior market lamb show and sale, The show drew an list of 3"/6 lambs, shown by 68 4-H club boys and girls from 19 counties to rank as largest in history of the contest. prize-winning lambs, showm above, are of the Southdown breed. Whiskey Bath Listed as Old Cold Remedy "Too Few College Teachers Are Inspired, Speaker Says." -- New! SCHENEcTADY, N. Y.--Fantas- Referring to less expensive Item. tic remedies suggested for the cam- Brother, it's harl to be inspired aon cold 60 years ago were de- When you're underpaid and tired.] "cribed by Dr. Louis C. Jones of ,Larry Singer. IRate College for Teachers, Albany, m an address here. The United Nations is still hunt- ing a site for a permanent home. How about Dodge City, Iowa? We know a fellow who would writ his congressman but doesn't ko how to spell OPA. "The Albany Times "in 1886 sug- gested that, in the realm of preven- tive medicine, best thing to ward off a cold was to take a bath in bat w]iskey and rock salt twice a vear.'" JOneS said. dies, the speaker pointed "it was 'discovered' in Y., that if you take the skin leaf lard from left side of put it on your chest and there, you'll be over your time." Another remedy mentionel legends is to crawl through ble-rooted briar, moving fro to easL